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- And when the day of Pentecost was in process of being fulfilled, they were all together in the same place. And suddenly there came an echoing sound out of heaven as of a wind borne along violently. And it filled the whole house where they were sitting. And there appeared to them tongues that had the appearance of fire, these tongues being distributed among them, and one of these tongues took up a position upon each of them. And all were controlled by the Holy Spirit and began to be uttering words in languages different from their own native language and different from those spoken by the others, even as the Spirit kept giving them ability to speak forth, not in words of everyday speech but in words belonging to dignified and elevated discourse.
- And there were in Jerusalem Jews who were in residence there, devout men who reverenced God, from all nations of those under heaven. Now, when this sound was heard, the multitude came together and was at a loss to understand this, because they were hearing each one of them uttering words in his own dialect. And they were astounded to the point of being beside themselves, and went to wondering, saying, Look. To be sure. Are not all these who are speaking Galilaeans? And as for us, how can it be possible that we are hearing each one in our own private dialect in which we were born, Parthians and Medes, and Elamites, and those who had taken up residence in Mesopotamia, and also in Judaea and Cappadocia, in Pontus and Asia, also in Phrygia and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, also sojourners from Rome, both Jews and Gentile converts to Judaism, Cretes and Arabians, we are hearing them uttering in our languages the mighty works of God?
Acts 2:12, 13
- And they were all astounded to the point of being beside themselves, and were wholly at a loss what to think, saying one to another, What does this desire to be? But others of a different class, mocking, were saying, They have been filled brimful with sweet wine with the result that they cannot hold any more.
- But Peter having taken his stand with the eleven raised his voice and said to them in words which belonged to dignified and elevated discourse, Men of the Jewish race, and all those who are residents of Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and give ear to my words, for, as for you, these are not intoxicated as you suppose, for it is nine o’clock in the morning. But this is that which has been spoken through the intermediate agency of the prophet Joel and is on record, And it shall be in the last days, says God, that I will abundantly bestow my Spirit upon all flesh. And your sons shall speak forth by divine inspiration, also your daughters. And your young men shall see visions. And your old men shall dream with dreams. Yes, and upon men and women who are the slaves of others and yet belong to me, in those days I will abundantly bestow my Spirit and they shall speak by divine inspiration.
- And I will bring forth miracles of a startling, amazement-awakening character in the heaven above and miracles upon the earth whose purpose it is to attest the workings and words of God, blood and fire and vapor of smoke. The sun shall be turned into darkness and the moon into blood before the day of the Lord comes, that great, conspicuous day. And it shall be that everyone whoever shall call upon the Name of the Lord shall be saved.
- Men, Israelites. Hear these words at once. Jesus, the Nazarene, a man who has been demonstrated to you by God to be that which He claims to be, this demonstration taking the form of miracles that show the power of God, and miracles that are a startling, imposing, amazement-awakening portent, and miracles that have for their purpose the attestation of the divine mission of the one who performs them, which miracles God performed through His intermediate agency in your midst even as you yourselves know positively; this One, having been delivered up by the counsel of God which [in the council held by the Trinity] had decided upon His destiny, even by the foreordination of God which is that act fixing His destiny, by wicked hands you crucified and killed, whom God raised up, having loosed the pangs of death because it was not possible for Him to be mastered by it.
- For David says concerning Him, I was beholding the Lord always before my face, because He is at my right hand in order that I might not be agitated and disturbed,, thrown out of my sober and natural state of mind. On this account my heart was made glad and my tongue rejoiced exceedingly. Yes, moreover also my flesh shall still pitch its tent upon hope, there to rest, because you will not leave my soul surviving in that place in the unseen world reserved for the human dead. Neither will you permit your Holy One to see corruption. You made known to me the courses of thought, feeling, and action of life [that life, the eternal life given a believer in salvation]. You will fill me with joy with your countenance.
- Men. Brothers. I may speak to you with utter freedom of speech concerning our progenitor David, that he came to his end in death and was entombed. And his sepulchral memorial is among us even to this day. Therefore, being a foreteller of future events, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that from his offspring He would seat One upon his throne, he having seen this beforehand, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ [the Messiah], that neither was He left surviving in that place in the unseen world reserved for the human dead, nor did His flesh see corruption. This Jesus God raised up, whose witnesses we all are, bearing testimony to what we have seen and heard and learned concerning Him. Therefore, by the right hand of God exalted, and having received from the presence of the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He bestowed this which you are both seeing and hearing; for David did not ascend into heaven, but he himself says, The Lord said to my Lord, Take your seat at my right hand until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet. Assuredly therefore, let the whole house of Israel be knowing that God made Him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.
- Now, having heard this, they were stung to the heart with poignant sorrow. And they said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, What shall we do, men, brothers? And Peter said to them, Have a change of mind, that change of mind being accompanied by abhorrence of and sorrow for your deed, and let each one of you be baptized upon the ground of your confession of belief in the sum total of all that Jesus Christ is in His glorious Person, this baptismal testimony being in relation to the fact that your sins have been put away, and you shall receive the gratuitous gift of the Holy Spirit, for to you is the promise and to your children and to all who are at a distance, as many as the Lord our God shall with a divine summons call to himself. And with many other words he solemnly affirmed, and kept on exhorting them, saying, Be saved from this perverse generation. Then those who received his word with approval were immersed. And there were added to their number on that day about three thousand souls.
- And they were giving constant attention to the teaching of the apostles and to that which they held in common with them, and to the breaking of the bread and to the gatherings where prayers to God were offered. And a reverential fear came upon every soul. And many miracles that excited amazement and attesting miracles were performed by the apostles. And all those who believed were gathered together as a unit and were holding all things in joint-participation, and were selling their houses and lands and other possessions and kept on distributing them to all, according as anyone was having a need. And daily they continued to remain in the temple, in perfect unanimity, breaking bread at home, partaking of food together in gladness and simplicity of heart, praising God and having the good will of the people. And the Lord kept on adding to them daily those who were being saved.